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Culinary Backstreets is delighted to present a year-long monthly series of stories on migrant kitchens from the world’s most diverse place – Queens, NY. Through interviews, photos, maps and short films, the Migrant Kitchens Project will share not only what challenges and joys immigrants face as they create their new home but also how they strengthen the city.

Migrants may have arrived empty-handed, but they weren’t empty-headed. Discovering Queens, appreciating people’s stories and engaging their cultures through food ultimately nourishes us all. Join us as we enter the migrant kitchens of Queens in restaurants, on the streets, from carts and in homes.

In the first set of dispatches, we take a deep dive into Queens’s history to understand how the area’s cultural and urban geography came to be defined.

Native Tribes of North America. 1836 Library of Congress, Geography and Map DivisionQueens vibrates. Geographically, it is the largest of the five boroughs. Immigrants define Queens. It is the epicenter of some of the greatest human variety in the world, and with it comes incredible diversity – cultural, linguistic and culinary. Migrants showcase their distinctive origins in what they choose to stock, make or sell in restaurants, food markets, farmers’ markets, bodegas and street carts.

Considering Queens’s urban sprawl today, it’s hard to imagine that the borough was once a place of lush ecological diversity. Yet the ancient routes that the area’s original “migrants” – the NativeAmericans who first called the area home – once traveled to exchange, buy and sell foods and goods remain. These routes, now paved over arteries like Astoria Boulevard and Atlantic Avenue, still define the landscape.

Queens in 1859. Map from the New York Public LibraryCulinary diversity and food security defined the landscape before colonialism. When the Dutch and then English settlers colonized the area in the early 1600s, they were stunned by so much unexploited potential. “The land is excellent and agreeable full of noble forest trees and grape vines,” wrote one Dutch colonist at the time, “and nothing is wanting but the labor and industry of man to render it one of the finest and most frui
tful lands in that part of the world.”

Fast-forward 200-plus years: New York’s native populations plummeted because of colonization, war and disease. Europeans conquered and forced a different set of values on the people and the land. Still, native names persist in Queens (and other parts of New York): Rockaway, Canarsie, Maspeth, Jamaica, Kissena and Pomonok are just a few of them.

Though the biological and cultural diversity no longer exist in the same measure, fragments of ancient Native travel and trade routes Old native trade routes in Queens. Map by Sarah Khanendure. Forged centuries ago, these early routes – the Rockaway Trail, Flushing and Astoria Trails – continue to transport Queens residents today and still determine where they trade, sell and buy their goods and, of course, where they go to eat.

For those interested in exploring Queens’s old and new food routes, here are some recent discoveries made during our research for this series:

Patel Brothers. Photo by Sarah KhanPatel Brothers, Jackson Heights
This is the best one-stop shop for fresh produce, condiments, rice varieties, ghee and every other subcontinental necessity to create your next meal. There are plenty of prepared and frozen foods too, if you want the taste without the work.
Address: 37-27 74th Street, Jackson Heights, NY 11372
Telephone: (718) 898-3445

Byungchun Soondae, Flushing
Little to no English is spoken at this restaurant – open 24 hours – which specializes in blood sausage and hearty soups and stews – just the thing to nurse your hangover with. The eatery is generous with the banchan, or side dishes that accompany the meal, including kimchi, often cut with scissors out of the fermenting pot onto your plate.
Address: 15603 Northern Blvd, Flushing, NY 11354
Telephone: (718) 460-1044

Mary's Dominican Cakes. Photo by Sarah KhanMary’s Dominican Cakes, Elmhurst
This woman-owned, family-run bakery is a sweet spot in Elmhurst, with a welcoming family-friendly vibe. Around the holidays, it’s best to pre-order, way in advance.
Address: 94-54A Corona Ave, Queens, NY 11373
Telephone: (718) 592-4055

Hong Kong Market. Photo by Sarah KhanHong Kong Supermarket, Elmhurst
This branch of the New York City chain sells all things Asian at rock-bottom prices. The variety of fresh and preserved meats and seafood is a particular draw.
Address: 82-02 45th Ave, Flushing, NY 11373
Telephone: 718-651-3838

Sakura Ya Japanese Market. Photo by Sarah KhanSakura Ya Japanese Market, Forest Hills
This small gem of a market specific to Japanese foods is notable for its helpful owner and equally kind staff.
Address: 7305 Austin St, Flushing, NY 11375
Telephone: (718) 268-7220

Sutphin African Food Market. Photo by Sarah KhanSutphin African Food Market, Jamaica
If you’re in search of West African cassava, dried fish and palm oil, this is the place to find them. The market is small but packed with basics, and there’s a butcher in the back who can help you get just the cut you need.
Address: 11643 Sutphin Blvd, Jamaica, NY 11434
Telephone: (718) 322-1344

To read the rest of the “Queens Migrant Kitchens” stories, click here.

(Photos by Sarah Khan. Additional funding for this piece was provided by the Buenas Obras Fund)

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